My Maternal Sixth Great Grandfather, William Peavy, Sr, England

Wadhurst Castle, England

My maternal sixth great grandfather, William Peavy, Sr.

Born: 1730 in Wadhurst, East Sussex, England, United Kingdom.


Married: 19 May 1755 in Wadhurst, East Sussex, England to Catherine Hammond.

Children: James, William, Jr, Henry, and Catherine Peavy (Hammell).

Died: 10 November 1809 in Sussex, England, United Kingdom.

Buried: 11 November 1809 in Saint Peter’s Churchyard, Chichester, Chichester, West Sussex, England, United Kingdom.

Birth:  1730
East Sussex, England
Death:  Nov. 10, 1809
Chichester District
West Sussex, England
My maternal sixth great grandfather, William Peavy, Sr.

Husband of Catherine Hammond.
Married 19 May 1755 in Wadhurst, Sussex, England.

Children: James, William,Jr, Henry, and Catherine Peavy (Hammell). 
Family links:
  Catherine Hammond Peavy (1732 – 1798)
  Catherine Peavy Hammell (1776 – 1811)

 Screenshot (452)
St Peter the Great Churchyard
Chichester District
West Sussex, England
St. George, Donnington, West Sussex, England

St. George, Donnington, West Sussex

Created by: Texas Tudors
Record added: Nov 10, 2015
Find A Grave Memorial# 154825619


Scotland Travel: Edinburgh

Edinburgh Castle

St. Margareths Chapel, Edinburgh

English: Edinburgh Castle as seen from St Cuth...

English: Edinburgh Castle as seen from The Mou...


Edinburgh Castle is situated on Castle Rock in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland. Castle Rock formed after a volcano erupted over 340 million years ago. The first castle that existed on the rock was known as “The Castle of the Maidens”. According to legend, the castle had been a shrine to the “Nine Maidens”, one of whom was Morgan le Fay.


Castle Rock had been a military base and royal residence for centuries. However, the edifice that is known as Edinburgh Castle was built during the 12th century by David I, son of Saint Margaret of Scotland.


The tensions between the English and Scottish monarchies nearly always centered on Edinburgh Castle. He who held the castle held rule over the city of Edinburgh and, therefore, over all of Scotland. Consequently, the castle was almost constantly under siege.


The first major battle the castle witnessed was during the late 13th century when Edward I of England attempted to seize the then vacant Scottish throne. From 1296 to 1341, the castle bounced from English to Scottish hands several times during the First and Second Wars of Scottish Independence.


After the Wars of Independence, the castle was in great need of repairs. Most of the construction was overseen by David II. In his honour, David’s Tower was erected.


In 1571, English forces laid siege to the city of Edinburgh in an attempt to capture Mary, Queen of Scots. The siege, which lasted for two years, became known as the “long” or “Lang” siege. By February of 1573, all of Mary’s supporters had surrendered to the English. During the Lang Siege, David’s Tower was destroyed.


The castle, again, witnessed strife when, in 1650, Oliver Cromwell executed Charles I and led an invasion of Scotland. In August of that year, Edinburgh Castle fell into English hands.


During the Jacobite Risings (1688-1746), the Scots attempted, several times, to recapture their castle. Unfortunately, they were never able to overpower the English. The final attempt was in 1745 when the Jacobite army was led by Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie). Although the Scots were able to capture the city, they were never able to lay siege to the castle. In November of that year, the Jacobites were forced to retreat.


From the late 18th century to the early 19th, Edinburgh Castle was used to hold military prisoners from England’s many wars. The castle became a national monument in 1814 after a mass prison break proved that the castle could not hold prisoners. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the castle was slowly restored. Military ceremonies began to be held there and, in 1927, part of the castle was turned into the Scottish National War Memorial.


Edinburgh Castle is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Scotland. The more than one million people who visit the castle each year witness military ceremonies, historical re-enactments, and can visit sites such as St. Margaret’s Chapel and the Great Hall of King James IV.

NJ to the World

I never thought I would have ended up in Scotland. Only a few years ago, it would have been completely off my radar in terms of potential places in the world that I’d want to visit. But after meeting a student from the University of Edinburgh in Richmond, I decided to give it a shot. Prior to the trip, my extent of knowledge about the country stemmed from little more than my repeat watching of Braveheart— God, I love that movie. What a soundtrack! Anyway, luckily I was more or less pleasantly surprised by what I found. The capital city of Edinburgh was especially a nice surprise– a beautiful, medieval, quiet city located on Scotland’s east coast. Here I explored grand castles, walked snow-covered city streets, climbed mountains, met Dolly the Sheep, and learned to correctly pronounce the city’s name (no, it is not “burg”, the rest of you…

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My Maternal Fourth Great Grandfather, Eli Hammell, Tioga, New York

Hammell Family Crest

Tioga County, New York

Eli Hammell

Birth:  1795 Tioga County, New York, USA

Mar. 24, 1837 New York, New York, USA

Son of William & Catherine (Peevey) Hammell of Pennsylvania.
Husband of Mrs. Ellen Hammell (maiden name unknown) born in Ireland.


This unusual name has two possible origins, the first of which is Scottish but is ultimately of Norman origin, and is a locational surname from the place called “Haineville” or “Henneville” in Manche. The placename derives from the Germanic personal name “Hagano”, which means “hawthorn” and was originally a nickname, found in Medieval England as “Hain” and “Heyne”, with the Old French word “ville”, meaning settlement, village.

The surname as Ham(m)ill and Hom(m)ill was most commonly found in the area known as “Roughwood” in Ayshire. The second origin is from an Anglo-Saxon nickname for a scarred or marred person, from the Old English pre 7th “hamel” meaning “scarred, mutilated”.

On February 10th 1670, Leonard, son of Leonard and Elizabeth Hammell, were married in St. Giles Cripplegate, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Hameville, which was dated circa 1194, in the Records of Holm Cultram, during the reign of King William of Scotland, known as “The Lion”, 1165 – 1214.

Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to “develop” often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling. 

Read more:

United States Muster Rolls of the Marine Corps
Name: Hammill
Event Type: Military Service
Event Date: 31 May 1813
Event Place: Sacket’s Harbor
Page: 135
Affiliate Publication Number: T1118 , Affiliate Publication Title: Muster Rolls of the United States Marine Corps, 1798-1892 , Affiliate Film Number: 6 , GS Film Number: 001694994 , Digital Folder Number: 005013629 , Image Number: 00212 United States Muster Rolls of the Marine Corps, 1798-1892
Citing this Record
“United States Muster Rolls of the Marine Corps, 1798-1892”, index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 23 Oct 2014), Hammill, 1813.

“Sacketts Harbour, Jefferson County, New York ; 
Because of its strategic protected harbor on Lake Ontario and the military installations built there, the village had national importance through the 19th century.
To support the War of 1812, the US Navy built a major shipyard and its headquarters for the Great Lakes at the village. Within a short period, more than 3,000 men worked at the shipyard. The Army constructed earthworks, forts, barracks and supporting infrastructure to defend the village and navy shipyard, and its troops also camped in town, which was overwhelmed by the number of military.
Soon after the war, the Army strengthened its defenses on the northern frontier by constructing Madison Barracks. Sacket’s Harbor Battlefield State Historic Site commemorates a battle and the contribution of the area to the United States defense during the War of 1812.”

New York Militia
23 Oct 1822
United States
Reason This Information Is Correct
Name: Eli Hammel
Event Type: Military Service
Military Beginning Rank: Private
Military Final Rank: Private
Military Side: Union
State or Military Term: New York
Military Unit:15th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery
Military Company:M
Affiliate Film Number:58
Affiliate Publication Title: Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations From the State of New York. , Affiliate Publication Number: M551 , GS Film number: 882114

name:Eli Hammell
burial date:
burial place:
death date:24 Mar 1837
death place:New York, (City), New York
birth date:1795
marital status:
spouse’s name:
father’s name:
father’s birthplace:
mother’s name:
mother’s birthplace:
indexing project (batch) number:I10254-6
system origin:New York-EASy
source film number:447548
reference number:
Citing this Record
“New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952,” index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 Nov 2012), Eli Hammell, 1795; citing reference , FHL microfilm 447548.

Family links:

William Hammell (1768 – 1816)

Catherine Peevey Hammell (1776 – 1811)

Ellen Hammell (1797 – 1833)

Married: 1815 New York City, New York

Maria A. Hammell Linderman (1817 – 1884)

New York
Specifically: Burial site unknown
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS

Record added: May 15, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 110568893


My Maternal Third Great Grandmother, Maria “Mary” Hammell, English & Irish

Covered-bridge-newfield-new york

Old Covered Bridge, Newfield, Tompkins, New York

Maria A Mary <i>Hammell</i> Linderman

Maria A Mary <i>Hammell</i> Linderman

Maria A. “Mary” (Hammell) Linderman

Birth: 1817 Newfield, Tompkins County

New York, USA

Death: 7 March 1884
Winona County
Minnesota, USA

Daughter of Eli Hammell of New York and Ellen Hammell of Ireland (maiden name unknown).

Maria A. “Mary” Hammell married Abraham Linderman on 26 November 1834 in Newfield Twp, Tompkins County, New York.

Moved to Kane County, Illinois between 1837-8 with Abraham’s father, Ezekiel Linderman.

Moved to Winona, Winona County, Minnesota in 1856.

Maria A Mary <i>Hammell</i> Linderman





The old Linderman Home place was at: 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Winona County, Minnesota.

Mary & Abraham had one daughter, Mary Linderman.

The Linderman’s were Lutheran.

1865 Census for Winona, Minnesota shows:
name:Abraham Linderman
event date:1865
event place:Winona, 02, Winona, Minnesota, United States
family number:162
line number:72
film number:565716
digital folder number:004539664
image number:00891
Household Gender Age Birthplace
A Linderman M
Mary Linderman F
Joseph James M
Lizzie James F
Mary Linderman F
John Freeborn M
(source citation: website)

name: Mary Linderman
gender: Female
burial date:
burial place:
death date: 07 Mar 1884
death place: Winona City, Winona County, Minnesota
age: 67
birth date: 1817
race: White
marital status: Married
spouse’s name:
father’s name:
father’s birthplace:
mother’s name:
mother’s birthplace:
indexing project (batch) number: B59705-5
system origin: Minnesota-EASy
gs film number: 1377829
reference id: 159
Citing this Record”Minnesota, Deaths and Burials, 1835-1990,” index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 04 Mar 2013), Mary Linderman, 07 Mar 1884.

“Mary Linderman, wife of A. Linderman, died on the 7th. inst., at her home in this city in her 69th. year. As Mr. and Mrs. Linderman came to reside in Winona in April, 1856, her death takes another from the already diminished list of old settlers.For the past year Mrs. Linderman has been a sufferer from the disease which finally terminated in dropsy and death, but had the unremitting attention of the members of her family and other kind friends.Mrs. Linderman was a woman of marked industry and force of character, and many can testify to her great kindness of heart.A large company of friends were present at the funeral and followed the remains to their resting place in Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Minnesota.” (source publication: Winona Daily Republican Newspaper; Date: 1884 March 10; Page 3)

Family links:
Abraham Linderman (1811 – 1891)

Mary Linderman (1859 – 1924)

Woodlawn Cemetery
Winona County
Minnesota, USA

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Aug 21, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21069161

Scottish Christmas Traditions

According to Friends of, “The Vikings stuffed their faces with vast quantities of food and drink after which they stumbled off into the winter night to light a huge bonfire in the goddess’ honour. Today, fire and light plays a major part in Yule celebrations in many areas of Scotland from Biggar to Shetland.

When William of Normandy conquered England in 1066 the English Princess Margaret fled north and was shipwrecked on the Scottish coast. Her Christian influence helped turn the previously pagan Yuletide season into a celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.”
scottish-santa-christmasScottish Christmas Tree
The traditional Scottish Christmas Day MenuSeeing a beautifully-laid table for Christmas Dinner is a sight to behold. One tradition we still have is the use of Christmas Crackers. These are pulled, and create a wee ‘bang’ and inside is a variety trinkets such as a joke, a wee toy or gift (depends on the quality of the cracker) and the inevitable paper hat. EVERYONE (yes, I thin almost everyone)sits though Christmas Dinner wearing a silly paper hat! (see the picture of the Christmas Cracker with the mince pies)Over the years many main dishes have become traditional for Christmas Dinner. Roast Turkey is still in my opinion the most popular, but whether in a family home, restaurant or Hotel, many other dishes are often on the menu.


Starters: Perhaps it’s because of the cold weather, but soup is often served as a starter. It could be Cock O Leekie Soup. traditional-scottish-christmas-turkey

Hello World!

fairy-pools-skye-scotlandIsle of Bute, Rothesay, Scotland

Welcome to my Scottish Roots. Mother had told me that we were German, Norwegian, Luxembourgian, and my daddy was Moravian, but I have discovered that I am also Scottish, Irish, English, French, Danish, and Finnish.